Causality is the natural or worldly agency or efficacy that connects one process with another process or state , where the first is partly responsible for the second, and the second is partly dependent on the first. Causality is an abstraction that indicates how the world progresses, so basic a concept that it is more apt as an explanation of other concepts of progression than as something to be explained by others more basic. Accordingly, causality is implicit in the logic and structure of ordinary language. In Aristotelian philosophy, the word 'cause' is also used to mean 'explanation' or 'answer to a why question', including Aristotle's material, formal, efficient, and final "causes"; then the "cause" is the explanans for the explanandum. Of Aristotle's four explanatory modes, the one nearest to the concerns of the present article is the "efficient" one. The nature of cause and effect is a concern of the subject known as metaphysics. A general metaphysical question about cause and effect is what kind of entity can be a cause, and what kind of entity can be an effect. One viewpoint on this question is that cause and effect are of one and the same kind of entity, with causality an asymmetric relation between them. That is to say, it would make good sense grammatically to say either "A is the cause and B the effect" or "B is the cause and A the effect", though only one of those two can be actually true. In this view, one opinion, proposed as a metaphysical principle in process philosophy, is that every cause and every effect is respectively some process, event, becoming, or happening.
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